15 Things You Must Know About Biomedical Engineering in Nepal
1. Introduction to Biomedical Engineering:
Biomedical Engineering is an emerging field in the engineering and technology sector. Many people in the developed countries, developing countries and under developed countries have given emphasis on the broader application of Biomedical Engineering. This field has been helping the world for the overall development and it has been creating wage and self-employment opportunity both in public and private sectors. This curriculum is designed to produce a well-equipped high-level technical manpower on the field related to the areas of Biomedical Engineering so as to meet the demand of such workforce in the country to contribute to the national economic development of Nepal. The knowledge and skills incorporated in this curriculum will be helpful to deliver the individual needs as well national needs in the field of Biomedical Engineering.
To talk about a bachelor in biomedical engineering, it’s totally an introducing course. Not just in Nepal, it is completely new course all over the world. In Nepal, Purbanchal University holds the affiliation to run Bachelor in Biomedical engineering in Nepal. It consists of the study of human anatomy, physiology, and diseases in addition to various engineering disciplines like computer engineering, electrical and electronics engineering and mechanical engineering. It can be compared to a tough subject as it requires mathematics as well as biological science.
2. Origin of Biomedical Engineering
If we look at the history, biomedical engineering was originated during World War II. A biologist from all over the world was struggling and was doing research to do work involving advancement on radar technology. This attachment towards research makes them for electronics developments in medicine in the war years. Germans biologist become successful to produce a chemical gas which is thrown to the American soldiers. Many doctors and biologists with an understanding the vast term engineering along with electrical who have an interest in biology, they become the first bioengineers. Those engineers who were concerned with medicine became first biomedical engineers. Development of x-ray, audiometer, ventilators, patient monitoring system, physiotherapy and electrotherapy, electrocardiogram, hemodialysis machine etc are some great achievements in biomedical engineering field up to now.
3. Program Objectives of Biomedical Engineering study:
This curriculum has the many objectives. It helps to prepare engineers who are able to work as a biomedical engineer in a different level of hospitals and nursing homes. It’s emphasis on production of middle level competent technical workforce/human resources that could provide maintenance services of medical equipment. This course helps to prepare technical workforce who will demonstrate positive attitude and respect for the profession and socio-cultural norms and values. Biomedical engineering helps in meeting the demand of biomedical technician required for the public and private hospitals of Nepal. It has reduced the dependence on employing such technicians and engineers from foreign countries and leads a way to create self-employment opportunities.
4. Program Description of Biomedical Engineering:
This course is based on the job required to perform by the Biomedical Engineers at a different level of hospitals and nursing homes in Nepal. Therefore, this curriculum is designed to provide knowledge and skills focusing on Biomedical Engineering related to the occupation. There are eight semesters in total within the period of four years. The first year courses contain most of the foundational and core subjects of engineering like Physics, Chemistry etc. The second year courses are under the circle on basic disciplinary subjects of Biomedical Engineering. Similarly, the third year comprises of the subjects of economics and probabilities. The final year disciplinary subjects including the provision of elective subjects. Moreover, the fourth year insists on the application of learned skills and knowledge through the project I and Project II as infusion model of subjects.
The foundational subjects of engineering like Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics are included in the curriculum of Biomedical Engineering are applicable in the field of Biomedical Engineering. To make the student able to compete with the demand for developing technology and science and tradition. To make them able to cope with the community it has included language subjects like Nepali and English language in the local area.
The disciplinary subjects being offered in this program are included in all semesters. The syllabus of Bio Medical Engineering makes provision of projects and also some elective subjects in the specific areas of Electronics and Biomedical Engineering. In brief, this curriculum will guide to its implementers to produce a highly experienced technical manpower in the field of biomedical engineering. The content of individual subjects prescribed in the curriculum is incorporated in the light of “must know and must do” principle of knowledge and skills for this level.
5. Duration of Biomedical Engineering:
The total time taken for the curricular program is about four years where each of the years consists of two semesters. This means a total of eight semesters a student should have to be read. Each semester has a final exam. This means to be a biomedical engineer, student must have to pass eight final exams. One semester consists of 19.5 academic weeks with its evaluation period and which must not be less than 15 weeks in each of the semesters.
6. Target Group for Biomedical Engineering:
An interested individual who has passed intermediate level in any college can apply for the course.However, they must pass the entrance exam held by respective universities. The student from all over Nepal can apply for this course.
7. Examination and Marking Scheme for Biomedical Engineering:
The examination is writing type. The subject teacher will internally assess the student’s achievement in each subject during the course followed by a final examination at the end of each semester. Total 100 marks are divided into two parts. There is a provision of an internal assessment and final examination. The internal examination weighted of 20% where other 80% is from final examination which is allocated for theoretical examination. The final semester examinations of all theory components will be administrated through written test exam.
Generally, the method of continuous assessment will be adopted for practical components. But if needed the practical components are also conducted by final examinations. The students who fail in the internal assessment exam would declare as not qualified and will not be allowed to sit in the semester final examination and will not be allowed continuing the following semester. There is a provision of back paper if s/he fails in the semester but a student must pass all the subject of all eight semesters within eight years from the enrollment.
8. Pass Marks in Biomedical Engineering study :
To pass in each semester, you have to secure a minimum of 40% marks both in theoretical and practical (Lab). Also, you must secure minimum of 40% marks in internal assessment and 40% in final semester examination of each subject to pass all subjects in each semester.
9. Grading System for Biomedical Engineering:
The overall achievement of each student will be measured by the final aggregate percentage of all final semester examination. Students securing more than or equals to 80% falls under the category of distinction. The student can get first division securing percentage between 65% to 80%. The second division is under 50% to 65%. Other between 40% to 50% are categorized as pass students. Students who are able to pass all the components of all subjects of all six semesters are considered to have successfully completed the course. Students who have successfully completed the course will be awarded a degree of Bachelor in Biomedical Engineering.
10. Provision of Specialization in Biomedical Engineering
There will be no provision of specializing but some subjects are offered here with the provision of the elective; viz Data Communication, Embedded System Design, Cardiovascular and ICU Equipment, Medical Laboratory and Ophthalmic Equipment and Medical Imaging Equipment.
The above are some of the aspects of studies for biomedical engineering which are should be learned. Now let’s have some glance for the colleges and universities of the course.
11. College of Biomedical Engineering and Applied Science
The college of Biomedical Engineering and Applied Science (CBEAS) is affiliated with Purbanchal University. It is located in Kathmandu valley. It lies at Hadigaun, Kathmandu. Bachelor in Biomedical Engineering is a four-year program which provides the students a quality education. It produces a qualified employed in biomedical sectors and provide students with the knowledge of basics and fundamental science. It makes students a broad understanding of engineering, life science, and medical science.
The course of the biomedical is designed in such a way that those students who were passed out from the college will not be able to work independently inside Nepal but also will be received well in other developed countries as well. The syllabus of Biomedical has been prepared after many research and study of the curriculum of the same course provided in other national and foreign universities. The curriculum mostly focuses on the immediate absorption of the students by Nepalese and Foreign industries after being passed out from the college. It will be very beneficial to students who want their further studies in the field.
Biomedical Engineering includes molecular and cellular engineering, plasma engineering, rehabilitation engineering, tissue engineering, intracellular physiological control mechanism, drug delivery and drug regulation system and aids for the feeble and the disabled. This engineering is an excited, everyone’s deep of tongue and a fast-moving field with many challenge boundaries. At this college, it is trying to pushing those boundaries in different types of overlapping and interrelated areas.
12. Eligibility for Biomedical Engineering
Students who are from both Math’s and Biology sections of +2 or I.Sc. can apply for the Bachelor of Biomedical Engineering. To get engaged one must have to pass the entrance exam scheduled by the paranuchal university.
13. Where to Study Biomedical Engineering
Now the problem arises where to study? In Nepal, the only college for Biomedical Engineering is the ‘College of Biomedical Engineering and Applied Science (CBEAS)’ which is located in Handigaun. It is the only one college in Nepal and is inside of Kathmandu valley. If we look outside of Nepal we can find many colleges who were giving education-related to Biomedical Engineering. Our neighboring country in India there is some private colleges and institution who were given education about this course.